Templates: Backgrounds

For the Background we use a Land Cover classification system. Land cover refers to the physical and biological cover over the surface of land, including water, vegetation, bare soil, and/or artificial structures.

(1 orders at Level 1, 5 groups at Level 2, 18 sub-groups at Level 3 and 76 classes at Level 4.). We did create our own Land Cover classification for the project based on different Land Cover classification systems such Corine Land Cover Classification and Baseline Classification of Land Cover Categories of National Importance. Also we did extend the Land Cover Classification System from F.A.O (LCCS-a, LCCS-b) and Land Use And Land Cover Classification System For Use With Remote Sensor Data by James R. Anderson.


Elements to Draw

  1. LA 1 – –  – – Artificial surfaces
    1. LA 1 A – – Rural
      1. Agricultural buildings
      2. Greenhouses
      3. Confined Feeding Operations
    2. LA 1 B – – Urban
      1. Residential buildings without gardens
      2. Residential buildings with gardens
      3. Continuous Public services and facilities
      4. Discontinuous Public services and facilities
      5. Hard areas without buildings
    3. LA 1 C – – Industrial, commercial and transport units
      1. Continuous urban fabric
      2. Discontinuous urban fabric
      3. Continuous Industrial or commercial units
      4. Discontinuous Industrial or commercial units
      5. Road and rail networks and associated land
      6. Port areas
      7. Airports
    4. LA 1 D – – Mine, dump and construction sites
      1. Mineral extraction sites
      2. Dump sites
      3. Construction sites
    5. LA 1 E – – Artificial non-agricultural vegetated areas
      1. Green urban areas
      2. Sport and leisure facilities
  2. LA 2 – –  – – Agricultural areas
    1. LA 2 A – – Arable land
      1. Non-irrigated arable land
      2. Permanently irrigated land
      3. Rice fields
    2. LA 2 B – – Permanent crops
      1. Vineyards
      2. Fruit trees and berry plantations
      3. Trees and shrubs – nursery stock
      4. Olive groves
    3. LA 2 C – – Heterogeneous agricultural areas
      1. Annual crops associated with permanent crops
      2. Complex cultivations patterns
      3. Land principally occupied by agriculture, with significant areas of natural vegetation
    4. LA 2 D – – Agro-foresty areas
      1. Felled woodland
      2. Land ploughed for afforestation
    5. LA 2 E – – Pastures
      1. Intensive and agriculturally improved grass
      2. Permanent non-intensive grass
      3. Semi-natural calcareous grass
      4. Acid grass (non-moorland) and bracken
      5. Moorland and mountain grass
        Unmanaged lowland grassland and tall herbs
      6. Shrub and Brush Rangeland
      7. Mixed Rangeland
  3. LA 3 – –  – – Forest and semi-natural areas
    1. LA 3 A – – Forest
      1. Tropical and subtropical moist broadleaf forests (tropical and subtropical, humid)
      2. Tropical and subtropical dry broadleaf forests (tropical and subtropical, semihumid)
      3. Tropical and subtropical coniferous forests (tropical and subtropical, semihumid)
      4. Temperate broadleaf and mixed forests (temperate, humid)
      5. Temperate coniferous forests (temperate, humid to semihumid)
      6. Boreal forests/taiga (subarctic, humid)
      7. Mediterranean forests, woodlands, and scrub or sclerophyll forests (temperate warm, semihumid to semiarid with winter rainfall)
      8. Mangrove (subtropical and tropical, salt water inundated)
    2. LA 3 B – – Shrub and/or herbaceous vegetation asociation
      1. Tropical and subtropical grasslands, savannas, and shrublands (tropical and subtropical, semiarid)
      2. Temperate grasslands, savannas, and shrublands (temperate, semiarid)
      3. Flooded grasslands and savannas (temperate to tropical, fresh or brackish water inundated)
      4. Montane grasslands and shrublands (alpine or montane climate)
    3. LA 3 C – – Open spaces with little or no vegetation
      1. Tundra (Arctic)
        • Herbaceous Tundra
        • Wet Tundra
        • Shrub and Brush Tundra
        • Wooded Tundra
        • Mixed Tundra
        • Bare Ground Tundra
      2. Sparsely vegetated areas
      3. Deserts and xeric shrublands (temperate to tropical, arid)
        • Semidesert
        • Semi Desert Shrubs
        • Sand desert
        • Rock desert
        • Polar and Alpine Desert
      4. Bare rock, Inland rocks and screes
      5. Volcanic Rock
      6. Burnt areas
      7. Glaciers and perpetual snow
      8. Vegetated waste land, derelict land, allotments
      9. Strip Mines Quarries and Gravel Pits
  4. LA 4 – –  – – Wetlands
    1. LA 4 A – – Inland wetlands
      1. Inland marshes
      2. Peatbogs
    2. LA 4 B – – Coastal wetlands
      1. Salt marshes
      2. Salines
      3. Intertidal flats
    3. LA 4 C – – Coastal features
      1. Vegetated soft coast
      2. Beaches, dunes and sand pains
      3. Hard coast with little or no vascular vegetation
  5. LA 5 – –  – – Water bodies
    1. LA 5 A – – Inland waters
      1. River
      2. Canal
      3. Lake
      4. Reservoir
      5. Pond
    2. LA 5 B – – Marine waters
      1. Coastal lagoons
      2. Estuaries
      3. Sea and ocean