Main Categories: Ecoregions

Biodiversity is not spread evenly across the Earth but follows complex patterns determined by climate, geology and the evolutionary history of the planet. These patterns are called “ecoregions”.

An Ecoregion is a relatively large unit of land or sea that contains geographically distinct assemblage of natural communities with boundaries that approximate the original extent of the natural environment prior to major land use change. Ecoregions share a large majority of their species and ecological dynamics, share similar environmental conditions and interact ecologically in ways that are critical for their long-term persistence. In the Ecoregion section of illustrastock.com you can find ready to use illustrations of the ecoregions of the world. This includes the terrain of the ecoregion, all the animals and plants.

WWF defines an ecoregion as a “large unit of land or water containing a geographically distinct assemblage of species, natural communities, and environmental conditions”.

The boundaries of an ecoregion are not fixed and sharp, but rather encompass an area within which important ecological and evolutionary processes most strongly interact.

Con esta categoría, pretendemos ofrecer de manera organizada ejemplos de todas las ecorregiones de la tierra formadas a partir de las ilustraciones previamente creadas.

 

 

 

 

 

 

El objetivo de esta colección, es la de ofrecer ejemplo finalizados de todas y cada una de las ecoregiones del mundo.

Una ecoregion, según la define la WWF (World Wildlife Fund) o Adena, es una área extensa de tierra o agua que contiene un conjunto geográficamente distintivo de comunidades naturales que comparten la gran mayoría de sus especies y dinámicas ecológicas, comparten condiciones medioambientales similares e interactúan ecológicamante de manera determinante para su subsistencia a largo plazo ( carácter único en su ecología, clima, geomorfología, suelos, hidrología, flora y fauna).

Estas pueden ser agrupadas en Ecoprovincias y a su vez en Ecozonas. Ademas, de su distribución en sus Biomas correspondientes.

Para la correcta organización de las ilustraciones, lo que haremos es utilizar la agrupación en ecoregiones que la WWF promueve. Y para las etiquetas, utilizaremos las Regiones y Biomas. De este modo, tenemos una organización jerárquica. La lista de los diferentes elementos

Summary – ecological taxonomy (WWF)

  • Biomsphere (List of ecoregions)
    • Ecozones or realms (8)
      • Terrestrial biomes (major habitat types, 14)
        • Ecoregions (867) vbn,
          • Ecosystems (biotopes, habitat)
    • Freshwater biomes (major habitat types, 12)
      • Ecoregions (426)
        • Ecosystems (biotopes, habitat)
    • Marine ecozones or realms (13)
      • Continental Shelf biomes (major habitat types, 5) =>(Marine provinces) (62)
        • Ecoregions (232)
          • Ecosystems (biotopes, habitat)
      • Open & Deep Sea Biomes (major habitat types)

Descarga la lista completa aquí: Ecoregion illustraStock.

Ecozone

Realms or ecozones (terrestrial and freshwater)

An ecozone is the broadest biogeographic division of the Earth’s land surface, based on distributional patterns of terrestrial organisms.

  • Afrotropic
  • Antarctic
  • Australasia
  • Indomalaya
  • Nearctic
  • Neotropic
  • Oceania
  • Palearctic

Realms or ecozones (marine)

Marine ecoregions are ecoregions (ecological regions) of the oceans and seas identified and defined based on biogeographic characteristics. The latter are considered analogous to the eight terrestrial ecozones, represent large regions of the ocean basins:

  • Arctic
  • Temperate Northern Atlantic
  • Temperate Northern Pacific
  • Tropical Atlantic
  • Western Indo-Pacific
  • Central Indo-Pacific
  • Eastern Indo-Pacific
  • Tropical Eastern Pacific
  • Temperate South America
  • Temperate Southern Africa
  • Temperate Australasia
  • Southern Ocean

Ecoprovince

An ecoprovince is a biogeographic unit smaller than an ecozone that contains one or more ecoregions.

Bioregions ( )

The WWF scheme further subdivides the ecozones into bioregions, defined as “geographic clusters of ecoregions that may span several habitat types, but have strong biogeographic affinities, particularly at taxonomic levels higher than the species level (genus, family).

  • Afrotropic
  • Antarctic
  • Australasia
    • Australia
    • New Caledonia
    • New Guinea and East Melanesian Islands
    • New Zealand
    • Wallacea
  • Indomalaya
    • Indian subcontinent
    • Indochina
    • Sunda Shelf and Philippine Archipelago
  • Nearctic
    • Canadian Shield
    • Eastern North America
    • Northern Mexico and Southwestern North America
    • Western North America
  • Neotropical
    • Amazonia
    • Caribbean
    • Central America
    • Central Andes
    • Eastern South America
    • Everglades
    • Northern Andes
    • Orinoco
    • Southern South America
  • Oceania
    • Micronesia
    • Polynesia
  • Palearctic
    • Asia
      • East Asia north of the Himalayan system’s foothills to the arctic
        • Himalayan
        • Tibetan Plateau steppe
        • Yunnan-Guizhou Plateau
        • Northeast Asia
        • Russian Far East
      • Central Asia – Iranian Plateau and north to the arctic.
        • Temperate Asia biocountry
        • Mongolian Plateau
        • Eurasian Steppe
        • Asian Russia (central)
          • Asian-Siberian region
      • Western Asia
        • Arabian desert
        • Mediterranean Near East (Roughly corresponds to the Levant)
        • Anatolian Plateau
        • Transcaucasia
    • Northern Africa
      • Atlantic coastal desert
      • Sahara desert
      • Mediterranean Maghreb
      • Atlas montane
  • Europe (Northern, Middle, Eastern, Southwestern, and Southeastern Europe biocountries) – Mediterranean to the arctic.
    • European Mediterranean Basin
    • Iberian Peninsula
    • North Caucasus
    • Alps montane
    • Carpathians
    • Scandinavia
    • European Russia
    • Euro-Siberian region
    • Macaronesia

Marine provinces (62)

These marine ecoregions form part of a nested system and are grouped into 62 provinces

  • Arctic realm
  • Temperate Northern Atlantic
    • Northern European Seas
    • Lusitanian
    • Mediterranean Sea
    • Cold Temperate Northwest Atlantic
    • Warm Temperate Northwest Atlantic
    • Black Sea
  • Temperate Northern Pacific
    • Cold Temperate Northwest Pacific
    • Warm Temperate Northwest Pacific
    • Cold Temperate Northeast Pacific
    • Warm Temperate Northeast Pacific
  • Tropical Atlantic
    • Tropical Northwestern Atlantic
    • North Brazil Shelf
    • Tropical Southwestern Atlantic
    • St. Helena and Ascension Islands
    • West African Transition
    • Gulf of Guinea
  • Western Indo-Pacific
    • Red Sea and Gulf of Aden
    • Somali/Arabian
    • Western Indian Ocean
    • West and South Indian Shelf
    • Central Indian Ocean Islands
    • Bay of Bengal
    • Andaman
  • Central Indo-Pacific
    • South China Sea
    • Sunda Shelf
    • Java Transitional
    • Cocos-Keeling/Christmas Island
    • South Kuroshio
    • Tropical Northwestern Pacific
    • Western Coral Triangle
    • Eastern Coral Triangle
    • Sahul Shelf
    • Northeast Australian Shelf
    • Northwest Australian Shelf
    • Tropical Southwestern Pacific
    • Lord Howe and Norfolk Islands
  • Eastern Indo-Pacific
    • Hawaii
    • Marshall, Gilbert, and Ellice Islands
    • Central Polynesia
    • Southeast Polynesia
    • Marquesas
    • Easter Island
  • Tropical Eastern Pacific
    • Tropical East Pacific
    • Galapagos
  • Temperate South America
    • Warm Temperate Southeastern Pacific
    • Juan Fernandez and Desventuradas
    • Warm Temperate Southwestern Atlantic
    • Magellanic
    • Tristan Gough
  • Temperate Southern Africa
    • Benguela
    • Agulhas
    • Amsterdam-St Paul
  • Temperate Australasia
    • Northern New Zealand
    • Southern New Zealand
    • East Central Australian Shelf
    • Southeast Australian Shelf
    • Southwest Australian Shelf
    • Western Central Australian Shelf
  • Southern Ocean
    • Subantarctic Islands
    • Scotia Sea
    • Continental High Antarctic
    • Subantarctic New Zealand

Biomes or Mayor habitat types

Los 26 Tipos principales de Habitat describen las diferentes áreas del mundo que comparten similares condiciones ambientales, la estructura del hábitat y patrones de complejidad biológica,y que contienen similares adaptaciones de comunidades y especies.

WWF Terrestrial biomes (14)

  • Boreal Forests / Taiga
  • Deserts and Xeric Scrublands
  • Flooded Grasslands and Savannas
  • Mangroves
  • Mediterranean Forests, Woodlands and Scrub
  • Montane Grasslands and Shrublands
  • Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
  • Temperate Coniferous Forests
  • Temperate Grasslands, Savannas and Shrublands
  • Tropical and Subtropical Coniferous Forest
  • Tropical and Subtropical Dry Broadleaf Forests
  • Tropical and Subtropical Grasslands, Savannas and Shrublands
  • Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
  • Tundra

(SPANISH)

  • Desierto y matorral xerófilo
  • Praderas y sabanas inundadas
  • Manglar
  • Bosque y matorral mediterráneos
  • Praderas y matorrales de montaña
  • Bosque templado de frondosas y mixto
  • Bosque templado de coníferas
  • Praderas, sabanas y matorrales templados
  • Bosque subtropical de coníferas
  • Bosque seco tropical y subtropical de frondosas
  • Praderas, sabanas y matorrales tropicales y subtropicales
  • Bosque húmedo tropical y subtropical de frondosas
  • Tundra

WWF Freshwater biomes (13)

The freshwater Major Habitat Types (MHTs) reflect groupings of ecoregions with similar biological, chemical, and physical characteristics and are roughly equivalent to biomes for terrestrial systems.

  • Large lakes
  • Large river deltas
  • Polar freshwaters
  • Montane freshwaters
  • Temperate coastal rivers
  • Temperate floodplain rivers and wetlands
  • Temperate upland rivers
  • Tropical and subtropical coastal rivers
  • Tropical and subtropical floodplain rivers and wetlands
  • Tropical and subtropical upland rivers
  • Xeric freshwaters and endorheic basins
  • Oceanic islands
  • Streams and rivers

(spanish)

Grandes ríos
Grandes nacimientos de ríos
Grandes deltas
Pequeños ríos
Grandes lagos
Pequeños lagos
Cuenca xérica

WWF Marine biomes (5)

Biomes of the coastal and continental shelf areas (neritic zone)

Polar Seas
Temperate Shelfs and Seas
Temperate Upwelling
Tropical Upwelling
Tropical Coral

Mar polar
Plataformas templadas y mar
Surgencias templadas
Surgencias tropicales
Coral tropical

Habitats simplificados

  • Polar Regions
  • Coniferous Forests
  • Temperate Forests
  • Grasslands
  • Deserts
  • Mountains
  • Tropical Forests
  • Oceanic Islands
  • Freshwater wetlands
  • Oceans